US Synthetic Bearings Site


What is PCD?

Polycrystalline Diamond (PCD) is diamond grit fused together through a process called high-pressure, high-temperature (HPHT). The extreme hardness, wear resistance and thermal conductivity of diamond make it an ideal material for wire dies. More

PCD Development

The PCD inserts used in US Synthetic dies are subjected to rigorous testing to ensure that they meet the needs of every customer. Impact and tensile strength, abrasion resistance and thermal stability are evaluated in a state-of-the-art testing facility. Field tests are also conducted to validate laboratory data. As a result, US Synthetic PCD inserts have gained a reputation that has been built and maintained over many years through superior quality, durability, and performance.

To ensure that all US Synthetic dies deliver the needed performance, each PCD insert is subject to the following tests:

Vertical Turret Lathe Testing

Granite is machined at high speeds to load the cutter mechanically and thermally. Volume of rock removed is compared to the volume of diamond wear. From this test, a grinding ratio is calculated that allows the abrasion resistance of various PCD inserts to be compared.

Surface Drill Rig Testing

Test PCD inserts are brazed to a circa 3-inch diameter test bit. A small drill rig advances the bit through various rocks at constant rates and the resulting torque and weight-on-bit are measured. PCD inserts are evaluated based on cutter damage and weight-on-bit comparisons.

Drop Testing

In this test, a PCD edge is struck with a hardened steel strike plate and the PCD damage is evaluated. This test emulates the type of loading that might be experienced when diamond is subjected to lateral and/or axial vibrations.

Staff and facilities

US Synthetic Wire Die is a business division of US Synthetic Corp.

US Synthetic has a dedicated group of experienced scientists, engineers, and technicians that drive US Synthetic Wire Die efforts to perfect and enhance our existing diamond solutions—and develop innovative new technology and designs for the future.

Five PhD scientists with more than 50 years of combined diamond research experience lead our diamond research and development efforts. A staff of experienced engineers and technicians work to continuously design, evaluate, and test new products.

All of these experienced professionals work in state-of-the-art research and testing facilities. This includes a full metallurgical lab, an advanced computer-aided design center, and a sophisticated testing lab. These facilities allow our scientists and engineers to: